Sports-Related Shoulder Injuries

by Administrator 18. December 2015 11:30

The shoulder is a ball and socket joint consisting of three main bones:

  • Upper arm bone, also known as Humerus
  • Collar bone, known as Clavicle
  • Shoulder blade or the Scapula

These bones are held together by muscles, tendons as well as ligaments and provide an extended range of motion to the shoulder joint. This highly mobile nature of this joint makes it prone to get injured when used excessively, particularly in sportspersons. Sports that involve throwing, stretching, picking heavy weights etc. put pressure on the joint and make it more susceptible to injuries. Below is a list of some of the most common sports-related shoulder injuries:


Complete or partial (subluxation) dislocation may occur when the shoulder suffers a sudden jerk while playing sports. If the humerus pops out, fully or partially, it is advisable to seek immediate medical supervision. A popping sound accompanied with acute pain indicates that the upper arm portion may have dislocated from the joint.

Rotator Cuff Strain

Rotator cuff muscles provide a cushion to the bony area and help in rotation of the shoulder. The condition is common in sports which require rotation of the shoulder joint like bowling in cricket, swimming or kayaking. A sudden pain in the shoulder, accompanied by a feeling of tearing may be experienced after a Rotator Cuff Strain. Sleeping on the affected shoulder may also become difficult.

Glenoid Labrum Tear

Glenoid Labrum is a ring of tissue which is attached to the rim of the shoulder socket where the ball of the humerus sits. Repetitive overhead throwing or catching heavy objects with an overstretched arm are common causes of this tear. Pain in the joint, feeling of instability, decreased range of motion etc. are common symptoms of a Glenoid Labrum Tear.

AC (Acromioclavicular) Joint Injury

Also known as Shoulder Separation, the injury occurs due to a fall on an outstretched shoulder or through trauma in contact sports. If the injury is severe, one may feel a small lump on top of the shoulder joint. The pain may occur in the entire shoulder area specifically starting from where the collar bone meets the shoulder joint.

Dr. Kulwicki provides comprehensive treatment for sports injuries affecting the shoulder joint. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in Flower Mound, TX, you can call at  (972) 899-4679.

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